Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the Study Participants

From: Relationship between X-ray findings of lumbar spondylosis and knee pain

Measure n = 314  
Age (yr) 77.4 ± 6.4
Gender (females) 234 (74.5%)
Back pain 138 (43.9%)
Buttock pain 94 (29.9%)
Thigh pain 44 (14.0%)
Knee pain 170 (54.1%)
GLFS-25 48.0 ± 15.8
One leg standing time (s) 18.5 ± 19.8
Grip strength (kg) 21.1 ± 6.87
One hundred stamping time test (s) 58.2 ± 11.9
Muscular power of lower limb extension (kg) 53.1 ± 29.6
T12/L1% disc height* (%) 27.5 ± 7.9
L1/L2% disc height* (%) 33.4 ± 18.2
L2/L3% disc height* (%) 35.6 ± 21.9
L3/L4% disc height* (%) 36.4 ± 9.9
L4/L5% disc height* (%) 34.7 ± 11.3
L5/S % disc height* (%) 29.1 ± 10.2
  1. The data are presented as the mean ± standard deviation or n (%). GLFS-25 = Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale-25; *% disc height = (disc height / L3 posterior wall height) × 100