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Table 7 Mean Improvements in Outcome Scores According to French Type

From: Comparison of the French and CARDS classifications for lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis: reliability and validity

French VAS back VAS leg ODI SF-36
Type 1 4.25 ± 1.6 3.82 ± 1.9 23.1 ± 16.3 26.7 ± 14.3
Type 2 5.12 ± 2.2 4.47 ± 1.4 22.4 ± 14.2 31.2 ± 13.6
Type 3 4.10 ± 1.4 3.98 ± 2.1 24.2 ± 18.1 33.6 ± 18.1
Type 4 4.57 ± 2.2 4.88 ± 1.5 29.6 ± 16.3 32.6 ± 11.3
Type 5 7.02 ± 2.4 6.47 ± 1.7 33.2 ± 17.1 37.8 ± 15.2
P value 0.038* 0.041 0.0824 0.120