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Table 6 Mean Improvements in Outcome Scores According to CARDS Type

From: Comparison of the French and CARDS classifications for lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis: reliability and validity

CARDS VAS back VAS leg ODI SF-36
Type A 4.14 ± 1.4 4.27 ± 1.8 21.4 ± 15.1 28.6 ± 16.1
Type B 4.92 ± 2.9 4.26 ± 1.3 20.7 ± 18.3 29.1 ± 12.4
Type C 4.46 ± 3.2 4.72 ± 2.4 23.1 ± 21.3 32.2 ± 16.2
Type D 6.47 ± 2.3 5.28 ± 2.1 32.4 ± 15.7 37.1 ± 18.3
P value 0.038* 0.331 0.287 0.348