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Table 2 Degrees of rotation of the model of the healthy spine under conditions of different loading

From: Differential response to vibration of three forms of scoliosis during axial cyclic loading: a finite element study

  L1-L2 L2-L3 L3-L4 L4-L5
Literature This study Literature This study Literature This study Literature This study
Flexion 6.3 5.93 9.9 6.85 12.6 6.07 15.2 9.63
Extension 4.7 4.6 4 3.24 0.9 6.4 2 3.25
Lateral bending 4.2 4.3 5.2 3.55 5.2 6.62 3.1 3.54
Axial rotation 1 1.34 1.1 1.75 1.1 2.10 1.1 2.25