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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for patients according to referral to specialist spinal services. Figures are frequencies (percentage) unless otherwise specified

From: Subgrouping patients with sciatica in primary care for matched care pathways: development of a subgrouping algorithm

  Referred to spinal specialist N = 57a Not referred N = 372
Age (years) (mean, SD) 53.7 (15.0) 49.7 (13.8)
Gender (F) 30 (52.7) 230 (62.0)
Leg pain usual intensity (mean, SD) 8.0 (1.8) 6.7 (2.3)
Leg pain worse than back pain 35 (61.4) 206 (55.4)
Disability (RMDQ) (mean, SD) 15.4 (4.6) 12.6 (5.8)
Duration of leg pain:
 less than 6 weeks 11 (20.4) 172 (47.8)
 between 6 weeks to 3 months 18 (33.3) 73 (20.3)
 over 3 months 25 (46.3) 115 (32.0)
STarT Back prognostic risk subgroup:
 Low 1 (1.8) 47 (13.1)
 Medium 24 (43.6) 177 (49.2)
 High 30 (54.5) 136 (37.8)
Neurological examination findings:
 Myotomal weakness 20 (36.0) 82 (22.0)
 Reflex deficits 16 (28.0) 90 (24.2)
 Sensory deficits 37 (65.0) 182 (49.0)
Neural tension tests:
 Positive 40 (70.2) 272 (73.1)
  1. aThere was a small proportion of missing data for some baseline characteristics so the numbers may not add up to 57 exactly