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Table 5 Efficacy of the Pilates-type neuromuscular exercise programme: difference in relation to baseline between once a week or more exercised (≥24 exercise sessions) and a combined group of less exercised and controls (≤23 exercise sessions + controls), adjusted for perceived health, BMI, fitness, education, and civil status

From: Neuromuscular exercise reduces low back pain intensity and improves physical functioning in nursing duties among female healthcare workers; secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial

   Difference in relation to baseline   
  Baseline 6 months 12 months   
  More exercised n = 58 Less exercised + controls, n = 161 More exercised, n = 58 Less exercised + controls, n = 118 More exercised, n = 52 Less exercised + controls, n = 105   
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p-value p-value, adjusted
VAS (0–100) 36.8 (20.0) 35.9 (23.6) −15.4 (21.7) −5.0 (26.1) −12.7 (22.6) −6.67 (26.1) 0.057 0.029
MCI (0–4) 1.0 (1.1) 1.1 (1.0) −.05 (1.0) −0.3 (0.9) −0.5 (1.0) −0.2 (1.0) 0.016 0.017
6MWT (metres) 623 (43.8) 615 (51.8) 27.3 (32.9) 9.3 (35.2) 25.9 (36.5) 14.5 (33.3) 0.020 0.065
  1. 6MWT 6 min. Walk test, BMI body mass index, MCI movement control impairment, VAS visual analogue scale