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Fig. 4 | BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

Fig. 4

From: The effect of high-intensity resistance exercise on lumbar musculature in patients with low back pain: a preliminary study

Fig. 4

Functional outcome measures pre- and post-rehabilitation. VAS (a) was measured to assess pain. Strength (b) and ROM (e) were measured using a MedX isometric dynamometer. ODI (c) was used to assess low back pain related disability. PHQ4 (d) was used to assess anxiety/depression related to low back pain. * indicates p < 0.05. ** indicates p < 0.01. Data reported as mean ± standard deviation

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