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Table 4 Univariate analysis of characteristics between the Fall and non-Fall groups

From: Abdominal trunk muscle weakness and its association with chronic low back pain and risk of falling in older women

Characteristics Fall group Non-Fall group p value
No. of patients 10 28  
Age (years), mean ± SD 79.5 ± 4.1 77.1 ± 4.2 0.12
Height (cm), mean ± SD 146.2 ± 6.6 148.8 ± 5.7 0.25
Weight (kg), mean ± SD 46.4 ± 8.4 52.0 ± 6.8 0.04
Body-mass index (kg/cm2), mean ± SD 21.7 ± 3.5 23.5 ± 3.1 0.13
Girth (cm), mean ± SD 77.6 ± 12.0 80.5 ± 11.1 0.50
Abdominal trunk muscle strength measured by the device (kPa), mean ± SD 3.8 ± 1.7 6.8 ± 2.9 <  0.01
Grip power (kg), mean ± SD 15.4 ± 2.6 19.3 ± 3.9 <  0.01
One-leg standing time with eyes open (sec), mean ± SD 12.6 ± 9.6 14.8 ± 9.0 0.52
GLFS-25 Scores, mean ± SD 20.0 ± 15.6 17.4 ± 10.7 0.57
CLBP for ≥3 months (VAS ≥20), No. (%) 6 (60.0%) 15 (53.6%) 0.51
  1. SD standard deviation, GLFS-25 the 25-Question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale, CLBP chronic low back pain, VAS visual analog scale