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Table 2 Univariate analysis of characteristics between the LBP group and Non-LBP groups

From: Abdominal trunk muscle weakness and its association with chronic low back pain and risk of falling in older women

Characteristics LBP group Non-LBP group p value
No. of patients 21 17  
Age (years), mean ± SD 77.4 ± 4.2 78.1 ± 4.4 0.67
Height (cm), mean ± SD 147.5 ± 6.2 148.8 ± 5.7 0.50
Weight (kg), mean ± SD 50.7 ± 7.8 50.2 ± 7.4 0.85
Body-mass index (kg/cm2), mean ± SD 23.3 ± 3.7 22.7 ± 2.9 0.53
Girth (cm), mean ± SD 81.7 ± 11.6 77.3 ± 10.6 0.24
Abdominal trunk muscle strength measured by the device (kPa), mean ± SD 5.1 ± 2.4 7.1 ± 3.2 0.03
Grip power (kg), mean ± SD 17.5 ± 4.0 19.1 ± 3.9 0.23
One-leg standing time with eyes open (sec), mean ± SD 12.1 ± 7.7 16.8 ± 10.2 0.11
GLFS-25 Scores, mean ± SD 21.9 ± 12.2 13.4 ± 10.2 0.03
History of falling in the previous 12 months, No. (%) 6 (28.6%) 4 (23.5%) 0.51
  1. SD standard deviation, LBP low back pain