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Table 6 Accuracy statistics (95% confidence intervals) for potential predictors (pre-test rate of success 66%)

From: Can short-term effectiveness of anti-pronation taping predict the long-term outcomes of customized foot orthoses: developing predictors to identify characteristics of patients with plantar heel pain likely to benefit from customized foot orthoses

Variable Sensitivity Specificity Positive likelihood ratio Posttest probability
Baseline pain > 4.5 points 0.59 (0.44, 0.73) 0.48 (0.28, 0.69) 1.14 (0.73, 1.77) 69% (59, 75%)
Forefoot varus > 10 degrees 0.69 (0.55, 0.82) 0.36 (0.18, 0.57) 1.08 (0.77, 1.54) 68% (60, 75%)
Ankle plantarflexion ROM > 54 degrees 0.55 (0.40, 0.69) 0.60 (0.39, 0.79) 1.38 (0.80, 2.37) 73% (61, 82%)
Hip internal rotation ROM < 39 degrees 0.57 (0.42, 0.71) 0.68 (0.47, 0.85) 1.79 (0.96, 3.32) 78% (65, 87%)
Hip external rotation ROM > 45 degrees 0.73 (0.59, 0.85) 0.52 (0.31, 0.72) 1.53 (0.98, 2.38) 75% (66, 82%)
Ankle plantarflexors strength (the symptomatic side ≥ the contralateral side) 0.69 (0.55, 0.82) 0.68 (0.47, 0.85) 2.17 (1.19, 3.95) 81% (70, 89%)
Average pain intensity decreased by over 1.5 points with taping 0.69 (0.55, 0.82) 0.68 (0.47, 0.85) 2.17 (1.19, 3.95) 81% (70, 89%)
FFI score decreased by over 8 points with taping 0.65 (0.50, 0.78) 0.64 (0.43, 0.82) 1.81 (1.04, 3.18) 78% (67, 86%)
  1. ROM Range of motion, FFI Foot function index
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