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Table 4 Baseline isometric muscle strength normalized with body weight (%)

From: Can short-term effectiveness of anti-pronation taping predict the long-term outcomes of customized foot orthoses: developing predictors to identify characteristics of patients with plantar heel pain likely to benefit from customized foot orthoses

Variable All Subjects (n = 74) Success (n = 49) Nonsuccess (n = 25) p value
Ankle dorsiflexor 26.4 ± 7.4 25.8 ± 6.7 27.5 ± 8.7 0.356
Ankle dorsiflexor (between-side difference) 0.1 ± 3.7 0.1 ± 3.6 0.1 ± 3.8 0.956
Ankle plantarflexor 34.9 ± 13.0 35.0 ± 13.0 35.0 ± 13.3 0.814
Ankle plantarflexor (between-side difference) −0.3 ± 5.3 0.8 ± 5.2 −2.4 ± 4.8 0.011*
Ankle invertor 14.9 ± 5.9 14.5 ± 5.7 15.7 ± 6.4 0.420
Ankle invertor (between-side difference) −0.5 ± 3.4 − 0.6 ± 3.4 − 0.4 ± 3.6 0.857
Ankle evertor 15.1 ± 6.3 14.7 ± 6.1 15.9 ± 6.8 0.444
Ankle evertor (between-side difference) −0.7 ± 11.2 0.7 ± 2.9 −3.4 ± 18.8 0.296
1st toe flexor 8.7 ± 2.9 −0.5 ± 9.4 4.8 ± 9.2 0.896
1st toe flexor (between-side difference) −0.2 ± 1.6 8.7 ± 3.0 8.8 ± 2.8 0.714
Knee flexor 15.9 ± 4.8 16.3 ± 4.4 15.2 ± 4.9 0.357
Knee flexor (between-side difference) −0.3 ± 1.5 − 0.3 ± 1.6 −0.2 ± 1.2 0.634
Knee extensor 25.5 ± 10.1 26.5 ± 11.3 23.7 ± 7.0 0.200
Knee extensor (between-side difference) 2.2 ± 7.3 2.1 ± 8.9 2.3 ± 2.0 0.874
Hip flexor 35.3 ± 7.1 22.0 ± 5.9 21.2 ± 5.9 0.585
Hip flexor (between-side difference) 0.4 ± 2.9 0.7 ± 3.1 −0.0 ± 2.4 0.348
Hip extensor 25.9 ± 8.3 25.6 ± 8.1 26.5 ± 8.7 0.643
Hip extensor (between-side difference) 0.6 ± 2.4 0.5 ± 2.6 0.8 ± 1.9 0.598
Hip abductor 19.3 ± 4.1 18.9 ± 3.9 20.0 ± 4.4 0.289
Hip abductor (between-side difference) −0.1 ± 2.7 −0.3 ± 2.7 0.3 ± 2.8 0.385
  1. *p < 0.15
  2. Data present as mean ± SD