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Table 5 Baseline characteristics of study participants (completed list)

From: Green exercise and mg-ca-SO4 thermal balneotherapy for the treatment of non-specific chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled clinical trial

  Green exercise and balneotherapy Green exercise Control p-value with Bonferroni correction
Number 26 27 27  
Sex (female/male) 14/2 14/13 17/10  
Age (years) 53.35 ± 8.26 52.85 ± 6.43 43.81 ± 12.07 < 0.000***
Height (m) 1.72 ± 0.9 1.73 ± 0.8 1.72 ± 0.8 0.773
Weight (kg) 78.39 ± 16.47 74.65 ± 11.83 74.13 ± 13.01 0.481
BMI 26.32 ± 4.47 24.78 ± 2.73 25.06 ± 3.18 0.245
Abdominal girth (cm) 96 ± 13.18 92 ± 9.1 90.59 ± 11.69 0.213
Systolic blood pressure 136.92 ± 19.21 131.41 ± 17.43 126.70 ± 11.84 0.067
Diastolic blood pressure 81.23 ± 11 78.70 ± 8.91 78.41 ± 8.24 0.494
Pulse (bpm) 69.58 ± 8 69.30 ± 11.51 65.65 ± 9.46 0.277
%p02 97.04 ± 1.56 97.26 ± 1.38 97.70 ± 1.56 0.218
Kids (n) 1.65 ± 1.16 2 ± 1.27 1.42 ± 1.17 0.518
Korff 1.92 ± 1.02 1.52 ± 0.75 1.63 ± 0.77 0.580
Pain medication 0.73 ± 1.04 0.74 ± 1.1 1 ± 0.89 0.368
Physicians consultations 0.88 ± 1.28 0.63 ± 0.79 1.37 ± 0.63 0.002**
Status of employee’s illness 1 ± 1.67 0.3 ± 0.87 0.89 ± 0.64 0.002**
Job satisfaction 74.38 ± 25.21 79.19 ± 20.59 79.96 ± 23.16 1
BPS sock test right 0.92 ± 1.2 0.52 ± 0.98 0.63 ± 1.04 0.622
BPS sock test left 0.73 ± 1.04 0.63 ± 0.88 0.59 ± 1.01 1
BPS lift test 0.46 ± 0.76 0.54 ± 0.81 0.78 ± 0.89 0.526
Spine rotation right 55.19 ± 21.90 59.41 ± 16.68 34.67 ± 13.46 <  0.000***
Spine rotation left 53.12 ± 24.76 58.11 ± 19.54 45.52 ± 11.98 0.041*
Spine-Check Score© total 50.86 ± 9.86 52 ± 13.07 47.93 ± 15.22 0.398
Spine-Check Score© posture 45.47 ± 15.59 46.53 ± 17.93 47 ± 12.74 0.936
Spine-Check Score© mobility 40.01 ± 15.61 42.65 ± 17.44 47.25 ± 15.13 0.432
Spine-Check Score© postural stability 64.47 ± 17.90 64.12 ± 19.01 48.25 ± 18.11 0.003**
ODI 22.31 ± 10.29 18.96 ± 8.35 19.70 ± 8.07 1.314
SF-36 total 60.63 ± 21.22 66.61 ± 16.16 66.95 ± 16.39 0.511
SF-36 physical health 55.88 ± 20.72 61.24 ± 17.97 61.47 ± 19.95 0.548
SF-36 mental health 63.6 ± 22.07 69.86 ± 15.78 68.72 ± 17.76 1
mVAS pain 48.62 ± 25.09 59.59 ± 22.41 64.08 ± 18.97 0.046*
mVAS state of health 62.49 ± 18.38 69.54 ± 13.99 69.65 ± 11.36 0.226
mVAS health behaviour 64.09 ± 17.52 69.05 ± 14.28 64.76 ± 17.87 0.604
WHO-5 13.19 ± 6 16 ± 4.89 14.54 ± 5.23 0.410
  1. Data are represented as the mean ± SD; BMI Body mass index, BPS Back performance scale, ODI Oswestry Low Back Disability Index, mVAS Modified Visual Analogue Scale, SF-36 Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36, WHO-5 World Health Organization Well-Being Index, %p02 Oxygen partial pressure