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Table 2 Multivariable analysis of lower back MSDs

From: Prevalence and associated factors of musculoskeletal disorders among Chinese healthcare professionals working in tertiary hospitals: a cross-sectional study

Factors Lower back
P OR (95% C.I.)
Age 0.024 2.109 (1.064–4.179)
Sex (1 = famale, 0 = male) < 0.001 2.264 (1.015–5.046)
Work hours per week < 0.001 2.654 (1.181–5.962)
Break times during workday
 No rest Reference
 Once or twice 0.017 0.494 (0.253–0.963)
 Over twice < 0.001 0.318 (0.159–0.635)
Bending the trunk frequently < 0.001 3.414 (1.842–6.331)
Heavy or awkward lifting < 0.001 4.158 (1.645–10.507)
Bending or twisting the neck < 0.001 2.208 (1.065–4.577)
Mental stress
 Low Reference
 Medium 0.089 1.966 (0.875–4.417)
 High < 0.001 2.654 (1.205–5.847)
Psychological fatigue
 Low Reference
 Medium 0.037 3.146 (1.027–9.633)
 High < 0.001 6.178 (2.173–17.561)
Employment status (1 = temporary/contract, 0 = permanent) < 0.001 3.428 (1.618–7.262)
  1. MSDs musculoskeletal disorders, OR odds ratio, C.I. confidence interval