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Table 4 Predictors of self-reported chronic pain

From: The prevalence of chronic pain and its associated factors among Saudi Al-Kharj population; a cross sectional study

  Crude Adjusted
Odds Ratios 95% CI p-value Odds Ratios 95% CI p-value
Age 1.03 1.01–1.05 0.0002  
Pack years of smokinga 1.04 1.007–1.08 0.018 1.05 1.01–1.08 0.017
Weight (kg) 1.011 1.004–1.018 0.0017  
Waist circumference (cm) 1.009 1.0015–1.016 0.018  
HDLd (mg/dl) 0.546 0.35–0.84 0.0068  
HbA1ce 1.2 1.03-1.39 0.02  
Chronic diseasec       < 0.001
 No
 Yes 4.49 2.83–7.13 < 0.0001 3.8 2.3–6.2
Psychological diseasec Reference      0.009
 No
 Yes 4.3 2.45–7.53 < 0.0001 2.3 1.2–4.3
GHQ 12 scoreb 1.07 1.04–1.10 < 0.0001 1.06 1.03–1.1 0.0002
  1. aPack years of smoking = (number of packs smoked/day) X (total number of years of smoking)
  2. bGeneral Health Questionnaire score
  3. cself-reported
  4. dHigh Density lipoproteins
  5. eHemoglobin A 1C