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Table 2 Total MSD-related healthcare costs for intervention and TAU groups

From: More cost-effective management of patients with musculoskeletal disorders in primary care after direct triaging to physiotherapists for initial assessment compared to initial general practitioner assessment

  Cost (€)
(SD)
Unit price range Δ (€) p-value
Intervention TAU    
Healthcare resources
 Physiotherapist 4394 (232) 1891 (166) 44–45 €/hour 2503 0.109
 GP 1673 (129) 3380 (120) 88–94 €/hour − 1707 0.053
 Referrals 135 (26) 1204 (105) 37–309 € − 1069 0.062
 Medication 261 (29) 168 (11) 5–14 €/drug 93 0.588
 Total healthcare cost 6463 (388) 6643 (335)   − 180 0.872
Societal resources
 Production loss 46,659 (6392) 86,412 (12145)   −39,753 0.555
 Unpaid work compensation 1567 (112) 1106 (100)   461 0.597
 Total societal costs 48,226 (6449) 87,517 (12227)   −39,291 0.562
 Total costs 54,690 (6644) 94,160 (12491)   −39,370 0.567
  1. Intervention = Initially triaged to physiotherapists. TAU = Treatment as usual (initially triaged to GPs). Physiotherapist = Time for physiotherapist visits x mean hourly rate. GP = Time for GP visits x mean hourly rate. Referrals = cost for radiological examinations plus time for specialist consultations in secondary care x mean hourly rate. Medication = cost for prescribed medications. Production loss = Time absent from work because of MSD-related sick-leave and healthcare visits x mean gross wages. Unpaid work compensation = Time for healthcare visits not requiring absence from work x mean net wages