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Table 2 Clinical evaluation of patients: preoperative data

From: Determining the effective timing of an open arthrolysis for post-traumatic elbow stiffness: a retrospective cohort study

CharacteristicsERMRLRP value
No. of patients317824 
Extension, °36 ± 1739 ± 1942 ± 19.430
Flexion, °76 ± 2380 ± 2181 ± 23.602
ROM, °40 ± 2741 ± 2639 ± 30.957
MEPS, points66 ± 1570 ± 1267 ± 11.342
 Excellent, n2 (6)6 (8)1 (4).297
 Good, n9 (29)29 (37)5 (21)
 Fair, n15 (48)34 (44)15 (63)
 Poor, n5 (16)9 (12)3 (13)
Pain VAS, points1.7 ± 2.01.5 ± 1.91.6 ± 2.1.870
Ulnar nerve symptoms (Dellon classification)   .541
 None, n21 (68)60 (77)19 (79)
 Grade I, n6 (19)10 (13)4 (17)
 Grade II, n4 (13)5 (6)1 (4)
 Grade III, n0 (0)3 (4)0 (0)
HO (Hastings and Graham classification)   .849
 None, n8 (26)17 (22)6 (25)
 Grade IIA, n14 (45)34 (44)9 (38)
 Grade IIC, n4 (13)14 (18)4 (17)
 Grade III, n5 (16)13 (17)5 (21)
  1. ER early release group, MR median release group, LR late release group, ROM range of motion, MEPS Mayo Elbow Performance Score, VAS visual analog scale
  2. Categorical variables are presented as number (%)
  3. Continuous variables are presented as mean ± standard deviation