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Table 1 Demographics and clinical characteristics of patients

From: Determining the effective timing of an open arthrolysis for post-traumatic elbow stiffness: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristics

ER

MR

LR

P value

No. of patients

31

78

24

 

Male, n

22 (71)

49 (63)

16 (67)

.715

Age, years

36 ± 12

37 ± 11

39 ± 11

.587

Body mass index, kg/m2

22.4 ± 3.4

23.4 ± 2.8

23.5 ± 3.1

.244

Timing point, months

9, 7–10

15, 12–17

26, 24–37

<.001*

Dominant Limb, n

16 (52)

48 (62)

14 (58)

.637

Initial injury, n

   

.856

 Singular fracture

26 (84)

62 (79)

19 (79)

 Combined fractures

5 (16)

16 (21)

5 (21)

Treatment history, n

   

.187

 Operative therapy

25 (81)

71 (91)

19 (79)

 Conservative therapy

6 (19)

7 (9)

5 (21)

Follow-up Time#, months

21 ± 6

23 ± 7

22 ± 7

.252

  1. ER early release group MR median release group, LR late release group
  2. Length of time from trauma to arthrolysis
  3. #Postoperative period after elbow release (the final postoperative follow-up in 2018, with the shortest and the longest follow-up periods at 12 months and 36 months, respectively)
  4. Categorical variables are presented as number (%)
  5. Continuous variables are presented as mean ± standard deviation, or median, interquartile range
  6. *P < .001