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Table 8 Associations between physical exposure on the right side, and diagnosed disorders in neck and dominant upper limb, calculated with Poisson regression

From: Work-related neck and upper limb disorders – quantitative exposure–response relationships adjusted for personal characteristics and psychosocial conditions

N Tension neck syndrome Rotator cuff tendonitis Acromioclavicular syndrome Carpal tunnel syndrome
Age-adjusted
PR (95% CI)
Extended model
PR (95% CI)
Age-adjusted
PR (95% CI)
Extended model
PR (95% CI)
Age-adjusted
PR (95% CI)
Extended model
PR (95% CI)
Age-adjusted
PR (95% CI)
Extended model
PR (95% CI)
Head
 Inclination (°) p90
  Men 726 1.30 (1.04–1.64) 1.27 (0.99–1.63) 1.14 (0.84–1.56) 1.19 (0.85–1.67) 1.15 (0.86–1.54) 1.22 (0.88–1.69) 2.09 (1.203.62 2.14 (1.16–3.93)
  Women 1381 1.33 (0.99–1.78) 1.22 (0.95–1.57) 0.94 (0.67–1.32) 0.94 (0.69–1.29) 0.92 (0.64–1.35) 0.82 (0.58–1.17) 1.72 (1.042.85) 1.60 (0.93–2.76)
 Velocity (°/s) p50
  Men 726 1.33 (1.04–1.71) 1.26 (0.94–1.69) 1.38 (0.99–1.93) 1.35 (0.92–1.99) 1.52 (1.04–2.22) 1.58 (1.04–2.39) 2.24 (1.57–3.19) 1.74 (1.17–2.58)
  Women 1381 2.50 (1.87–3.33) 1.97 (1.45–2.69) 1.68 (1.142.49) 1.41 (0.93–2.14) 1.08 (0.66–1.78) 0.89 (0.54–1.45) 2.05 (1.163.63) 1.75 (0.83–3.72)
 Trapezius
  (%MVE) p90
   Men 726 1.49 (1.00–2.23) 1.27 (0.79–2.04) 1.55 (0.86–2.78) 1.22 (0.62–2.38) 2.38 (1.354.21) 2.21 (1.20–4.09) 3.03 (2.024.58) 1.76 (1.12–2.78)
   Women 1840 2.41 (1.86–3.10) 1.83 (1.35–2.47) 2.15 (1.463.17) 1.60 (1.04–2.46) 1.60 (1.012.53) 1.10 (0.68–1.78) 3.84 (2.176.80) 2.56 (1.33–4.93)
 Upper arm
  Elevation (°) p90
   Men 726 2.13 (1.18–3.84) 2.21 (1.27–3.87) 0.67 (0.34–1.33) 0.85 (0.44–1.64) 1.70 (0.73–3.95) 2.08 (0.89–4.81) 1.02 (0.39–2.65) 1.26 (0.58–2.76)
   Women 1419 1.30 (1.02–1.65) 1.29 (0.98–1.69) 1.39 (0.97–1.98) 1.52 (1.04–2.23) 1.10 (0.76–1.60) 1.04 (0.67–1.62) 1.05 (0.64 – 1.72) 1.07 (0.60–1.92)
 Velocity (°/s) p50
  Men 726 1.06 (1.01–1.11) 1.05 (0.98–1.11) 1.09 (1.031.16) 1.07 (0.99–1.17) 1.11 (1.041.19) 1.12 (1.03–1.22) 1.17 (1.111.24) 1.10 (1.03–1.19)
  Women 1419 1.27 (1.19–1.35) 1.20 (1.12–1.29) 1.13 (1.031.23) 1.07 (0.98–1.17) 0.99 (0.88 – 1.11) 0.94 (0.83–1.05) 1.17 (1.031.34) 1.13 (0.95–1.34)
 Forearm extensors
  (%MVE) p90
   Men 631 1.69 (1.28 – 2.23) 1.68 (1.23–2.29) 1.52 (0.97–2.39) 1.52 (0.93–2.49) 2.03 (1.462.82) 2.13 (1.45–3.11) 2.29 (1.323.95) 1.82 (1.06–3.12)
   Women 1060 1.41 (1.14–1.75) 1.27 (1.01–1.59) 1.22 (0.93–1.60) 1.15 (0.88–1.50) 0.81 (0.55 – 1.20) 0.83 (0.56–1.23) 1.26 (0.80–2.00) 1.29 (0.78–2.13)
 Wrist
  Flexion (°) p50
   Men 726 5.83 (2.60–13.1) 6.51 (2.69–15.8) 1.88 (0.78–4.52) 2.07 (0.84–5.09) 4.04 (1.5010.9) 4.55 (1.62–12.8) 4.30 (1.7910.3) 3.55 (1.29–9.79)
   Women 1840 1.19 (1.04–1.36) 1.04 (0.91–1.19) 1.40 (1.131.74) 1.25 (1.01–1.55) 1.30 (1.00–1.67) 1.10 (0.86–1.40) 2.15 (1.483.13) 1.69 (1.17–2.44)
  Velocity (°/s) p50
   Men 726 1.35 (1.12–1.64) 1.34 (1.02–1.75) 1.54 (1.201.98) 1.53 (1.04–2.26) 1.61 (1.232.11) 1.77 (1.21–2.57) 2.31 (1.673.21) 1.96 (1.23–3.13)
   Women 1840 1.34 (1.24–1.45) 1.21 (1.09–1.35) 1.36 (1.201.54) 1.23 (1.05–1.45) 1.27 (1.081.50) 1.13 (0.93–1.36) 1.56 (1.291.89) 1.33 (1.04–1.71)
  1. Prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence interval (CI), age-adjusted, and adjusted for age and psychosocial factors (Extended model), for subjects with complete data sets. Results in bold face are statistically significant. The PRs are expressed per 10°, 10°/s, and 10%MVE