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Table 1 Characteristics of participants without locomotive syndrome (non-LS) and those with locomotive syndrome (LS)

From: Association between locomotive syndrome and blood parameters in Japanese middle-aged and elderly individuals: a cross-sectional study

  non-LS LS p value (non-LS vs LS)
All (n = 104) male (n = 49) female (n = 55) All (n = 119) male (n = 55) female (n = 64)
Age (years) 66.4 ± 7.3 68.7 ± 6.2 64.3 ± 7.6 70.0 ± 6.4 71.8 ± 6.3 68.5 ± 6.1 0.0001*
Height (cm) 158.4 ± 7.3 164.2 ± 4.9 153.2 ± 4.6 160.2 ± 8.8 166.2 ± 6.7 155.0 ± 6.9 0.0931
Weight (kg) 56.9 ± 8.9 61.8 ± 7.3 52.5 ± 7.9 59.7 ± 9.8 64.9 ± 8.0 55.3 ± 9.0 0.0245*
Body fat percentage (%) 26.1 ± 7.6 21.4 ± 5.7 30.3 ± 6.6 28.5 ± 7.8 24.1 ± 5.7 32.3 ± 7.3 0.0212*
BMI (kg/m2) 22.6 ± 3.0 22.9 ± 2.4 22.4 ± 3.3 23.0 ± 4.5 23.5 ± 2.4 23.0 ± 3.4 0.1375
Total skeletal muscle mass (kg) 22.8 ± 4.3 26.6 ± 2.3 19.3 ± 2.1 23.0 ± 4.5 26.9 ± 2.9 19.6 ± 2.5 0.7151
10-m walking (m/s) 2.1 ± 0.3 2.2 ± 0.4 2.0 ± 0.2 1.9 ± 0.3 2.0 ± 0.4 1.8 ± 0.2 <  0.0001*
KE WBI (kg/kg Weight) 0.77 ± 0.17 0.81 ± 0.14 0.73 ± 0.19 0.66 ± 0.16 0.72 ± 0.15 0.60 ± 0.14 <  0.0001*
Stand-up test (score) 5.25 ± 0.57 5.22 ± 0.55 5.27 ± 0.59 3.95 ± 1.05 3.84 ± 1.10 4.05 ± 1.00 <  0.0001*
Two-step test (score) 1.48 ± 0.10 1.48 ± 0.11 1.48 ± 0.10 1.34 ± 0.11 1.35 ± 0.12 1.32 ± 0.11 <  0.0001*
25-question GLFS (score) 2.00 ± 1.70 1.90 ± 1.70 2.09 ± 1.71 6.03 ± 4.63 5.40 ± 5.08 6.56 ± 4.18 <  0.0001*
  1. Values are means ± standard division (SD). LS locomotive syndrome; non-LS without locomotive syndrome; BMI body mass index, KE knee extension, WBI weight bearing index; GLFS Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale.* p < 0.05