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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of patients with stroke according to loop diuretic use after propensity score matching

From: Association between diuretic use and the risk of vertebral fracture after stroke: a population-based retrospective cohort study

  Loop diuretic use p value
Yes (n = 2364) No (n = 2364)
n % n %
Age (years) 0.645
 < 60 398 16.8 375 15.9  
 60–79 1306 55.3 1314 55.6
 ≥ 80 660 27.9 675 28.5
Gender 0.792
 Male 1344 56.9 1335 56.5  
 Female 1020 43.1 1029 43.5
Income level (NTD) 0.215
 Financially dependent 822 34.8 821 34.7  
 1–19,999 1283 54.3 1323 56.0
 20,000–39,999 188 7.9 167 7.1
  ≥ 40,000 71 3.0 53 2.2
Urbanization level 0.943
 1 (Most urbanized) 542 22.9 541 22.9  
 2 604 25.6 612 25.9
 3 403 17.1 402 17.0
 4 469 19.8 449 19.0
 5 (Least urbanized) 346 14.6 360 15.2
Stroke type 0.524
 Ischemic 1431 60.5 1467 62.0  
 Hemorrhagic 373 15.8 380 16.1
 TIA 321 13.6 298 12.6
 Others 239 10.1 219 9.3
Charlson comorbidity index 0.415
 1–2 1073 45.4 1110 47.0  
 3–4 774 32.7 733 31.0
  ≥ 5 517 21.9 521 22.0
Hypertension 1840 77.8 1854 78.4 0.622
Diabetes mellitus 970 41.0 976 41.3 0.859
COPD 646 27.3 657 27.8 0.720
Congestive heart failure 459 19.4 427 18.1 0.233
Chronic liver disease 299 12.7 288 12.2 0.628
Chronic kidney disease 379 16.0 355 15.0 0.335
Osteoporosis 133 5.6 133 5.6 1.000
Malignancy 190 8.0 170 7.2 0.273
Dementia 169 7.1 154 6.5 0.387
Depression 139 5.9 128 5.4 0.488
Epilepsy 46 1.9 39 1.6 0.444
Parkinsonism 121 5.1 122 5.2 0.947
  1. A χ2 test was used to compare the differences between the two groups
  2. Abbreviations: NTD New Taiwan dollars, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, TIA transient ischemic attack