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Fig. 3 | BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

Fig. 3

From: Patellofemoral kinematic characteristics in anterior cruciate ligament deficiency and reconstruction

Fig. 3

Definition of local femur, patella, and tibia coordinate systems

(Footnote) In the femur, the first two points were the prominent points of the medial and lateral femoral epicondyles. The other two points were located paralleling to the wall of the femur shaft. The transepicondylar line was obtained by linking the most pivot points on the medial and lateral condyles. The femoral origin was located at the midpoint of the transepicondylar axis. The line that is parallel to the shaft of the femur was defined as the long axis of the femur. In the patella, the first two points were the most medial and lateral points on the patella; the other two points were the most proximal and distal points on the patella. In the tibia, the first two points were the most pivot points on the medial and lateral tibia plateau. The other two points were located paralleling to the wall of the tibia shaft. The line connecting to the most pivot points on the medial and lateral tibia plateau was defined as the medial-lateral axis, and the midpoint of this line was defined as the origin of the tibial coordinate system. The line that is parallel to the shaft of the femur was defined as the long axis of the femur. Patellofemoral rotation and translation was defined as the motion of the patella centre move with respect to the origin in the femoral coordinate system. Tibiofemoral rotation and translation was defined as the motion of the femoral center move with respect to the origin in the tibia coordinate system

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