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Table 5 Overview of study measurements related to the educational intervention targeted at clinicians

From: GLA:D® Back: implementation of group-based patient education integrated with exercises to support self-management of back pain - protocol for a hybrid effectiveness-implementation study

Construct Instrument Course registration Before course After course 5-months Patient baseline registration Patient reported at 3-months
Individual characteristics Age, sex, profession x      
Experience Years of clinical experience
Experience with GLA:D for knee and hip
Clinic characteristics Workplace (Private clinic, municipality, secondary care)
Number and professional background of clinicians in the workplace
Treatment orientation The Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale for Physiotherapists [70,71,72]   x   x   
Confidence and capability The Practitioner Confidence Scale [73] + 2 added items
The Determinants of Implementation Behaviour Questionnaire (knowledge, skills, beliefs about capabilities) [74]
  x   x   
Motivation The Determinants of Implementation Behaviour Questionnaire (Beliefs about consequences, innovation, patients, intentions) [74]    x x   
Opportunity The Determinants of Implementation Behaviour Questionnaire (organisation, social influences, social context, and behavioural regulation) [74]    x x   
Delivery of key messages Patients asked to what extent they during the course of care they have heard about key messages of GLA:D Back (e.g. that pain does not signal harm) and messages contradictory to GLA:D Back (e.g. that certain positions or movements have to be avoided)       x
Establishing individual goals SMART value-based goal registered at the initial consultation      x