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Table 1 Primary and secondary outcomes of the study

From: A longitudinal investigation of the factors associated with increased RISk of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders in MUsic students (RISMUS): a study protocol

Outcome Case definition (criteria for the health disorder) Assessment measures Type of outcome
PRMDs Any painful musculoskeletal condition that, according to Zaza et al.’s definition (1998), interfere with the ability to play an instrument at the level a participant is accustomed to Specific question:
“Has this painful musculoskeletal condition interfered with your ability to play your instrument at the level to which you are accustomed?”
Primary outcome
MSK conditions Any condition characterised by pain and limitations in mobility, dexterity and functional ability (according to the World health Organisation) - NMQ
- PAS Quick DASH
- PSEQ-2
Secondary outcome
  1. PRMDs playing-related musculoskeletal disorders, MSK musculoskeletal, NMQ Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire, VAS Visual Analogue Scale, PAS Quick DASH Performing Arts section of the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Outcome Measure, PDI Pain Disability Index, PSEQ-2 2-item short form of the Pain Self-efficacy Questionnaire