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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression of risk factors for having back pain in the past 12 months among study health care workers (n = 740)

From: Prevalence and factors associated with low back pain among health care workers in southwestern Saudi Arabia

Risk factors aOR (95% CI)
Secondary and tertiary care vs. primary 1.32 (1.01–1.76)
Female vs. male 1.07 (0.72–1.58)
Age in years 1.00 (0.98–1.03)
BMI (kg/m2) 1.10 (1.01–3.65)
Dentist vs. others 1.10 (0.96–1.26
Long standing vs. others 1.12 (0.92–1.36)
Non-smoker vs. smoker 0.83 (0.46–1.48)
Back traumaa (yes vs. no) 11.52 (4.14–32.08)
Physical activity (yes vs. no) 0.61 (0.42–0.89)
Chronic disease (yes vs. no) 1.02 (0.89–1.17)
  1. aOverexertional trauma, fall, or lifting heavy objects. aOR adjusted odds ratio for studied factors, (95% CI) 95% confidence interval. Bold aOR (95% CI) are statistically significant