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Table 2 An overview of identified change objectives from the literature and group discussions for health care providers and the society including potential interventions and their relevant components

From: GLA:D® Back group-based patient education integrated with exercises to support self-management of back pain - development, theories and scientific evidence -

Who What: Change objects How: Interventions
Health care provider Change of biomedical beliefs towards bio-psycho-social and cognitive understanding Clinician course (see protocol paper)
  Knowledge about management of people with back pain Clinician course (see protocol paper)
  Ways to implement a non-structural approach Patient education materials, examples of exercise program guidance and progression
Society Number of consultations Sum of all components of the GLA:D Back program and the clinician course (see protocol paper)
  Amount of sick leave
  Use of imaging
  Use of surgery
  Use of injections