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Table 2 Preoperatively planned correction and residual malalignment error after surgery are given for each patient

From: Improving accuracy of opening-wedge osteotomies of distal radius using a patient-specific ramp-guide technique

Group   Planned Correction Residual error
Rotation (°) Translation (mm) Rotation (°) Translation (mm)
Patient 3D angle Flexion / Extension Ulnar / Radial Pronation Supination Palmar / Dorsal Ulnar / Radial Distal / Proximal 3D angle Flexion / Extension Ulnar / Radial Pronation Supination Palmar / Dorsal Ulnar / Radial Distal / Proximal
Ramp guide 1 26.82 26.58 3.15 −2.63 0.00 −0.05 0.01 4.45 3.34 −2.86 −0.61 0.25 0.77 −0.18
2 27.83 19.93 10.02 −18.63 0.47 −1.29 1.43 5.71 1.01 1.12 −5.52 1.65 0.27 0.06
3 14.64 5.35 3.74 −12.94 0.95 1.26 2.80 2.24 −1.21 0.09 −1.99 1.28 0.31 −0.58
4 12.24 11.28 2.71 −4.20 − 0.06 0.29 − 0.12 5.95 −3.84 − 0.06 − 4.55 −0.95 0.72 −1.35
5 23.98 23.57 3.14 −3.91 2.58 −2.07 −8.74 4.88 1.06 −2.92 −3.80 −0.21 0.22 0.19
6 36.31 34.33 4.49 −12.62 0.00 −0.26 0.11 1.69 −0.89 1.31 −0.61 −0.44 − 0.15 −0.29
7 20.29 19.55 4.94 −3.33 0.45 2.03 −0.43 4.08 −3.57 −1.26 −1.56 −1.12 0.51 −1.08
8 40.13 40.03 −2.54 −0.93 − 0.80 1.15 0.00 3.66 0.85 2.02 2.91 0.58 1.16 0.53
Control 9 22.79 19.33 10.98 −7.39 −1.66 1.16 5.31 7.94 4.90 2.33 −5.90 0.10 1.79 0.86
10 10.49 5.78 8.76 −0.71 0.55 0.36 7.66 4.76 3.63 0.56 −3.05 −1.99 −0.31 1.60
11 28.26 24.34 −9.81 12.96 −0.54 0.81 9.08 17.51 13.08 −3.74 11.50 −0.92 −1.66 1.44
12 35.39 7.42 32.61 9.84 0.09 1.15 17.93 12.47 4.06 10.86 4.25 −1.56 −1.21 2.17
13 23.58 −10.46 −19.88 5.70 0.09 0.72 5.81 9.38 −2.24 −9.11 −0.21 1.70 1.14 −0.44
14 33.65 −12.59 −16.12 −28.73 1.13 1.50 1.93 3.36 −0.36 − 0.55 −3.29 −0.90 −1.08 0.08
15 8.57 −2.51 0.48 8.19 4.43 4.57 1.83 2.70 1.14 2.44 −0.18 0.14 −0.35 0.53