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Table 4 Summary of multivariable regression analysis for muscle characteristics predicting the total WOMAC score, controlled for gender

From: Ultrasound measures of muscle thickness may be superior to strength testing in adults with knee osteoarthritis: a cross-sectional study

Predictor Unadjusted beta p-value
Muscle thickness measures (mm/kg)
 Symptomatic quadriceps −67.2 0.009 *
 Asymptomatic quadriceps −60.5 0.031 *
 Symptomatic hip abductors − 11 0.66
 Asymptomatic hip abductors −21.7 0.85
 Sympatomatic hip adductors −27.8 0.13
 Asympatomatic hip adductors −29 11
 Symptomatic calf −20.6 0.14
 Asymptomatic calf −19.9 0.19
Muscle torque measures (Nm/kg)
 Symptomatic knee extensors −0.036 0.57
 Asymptomatic knee extensors −0.051 0.12
 Symptomatic hip abductors −0.197 0.08
 Asymptomatic hip abductors −0.138 0.27
 Symptomatic hip adductors −0.126 0.26
 Asymptomatic hip addutors −0.188 0.06
 Symptomatic ankle plantarflexors −0.65 0.05
 Asymptomatic ankle plantarflexors −0.56 0.05
  1. * indicates p < 0.05