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Table 1 Characteristics of STAART Participants, Overall and By Site

From: Pain coping skills training for African Americans with osteoarthritis study: baseline participant characteristics and comparison to prior studies

Characteristic Total Sample
Mean ± SD or N(%)
DVAHCS
Mean ± SD or N(%)
UNC
Mean ± SD or N(%)
Sociocultural Environment
 Age 59.0 ± 10.3 57.8 ± 10.0 60.2 ± 10.5
 Female 122 (49.2%) 26 (21.0%) 96 (77.4%)
 Hispanic 7 (2.9%) 2 (1.6%) 5 (4.3%)
 Some education above high school 187 (75.4%) 101 (81.5%) 86 (69.4%)
 Working 86 (34.7%) 47 (37.9%) 39 (31.5%)
 Married or living with partner 103 (41.5%) 63 (50.8%) 40 (32.3%)
 Low Perceived Incomea 83 (33.6%) 39 (31.7%) 44 (35.5%)
 Duke University Religion Index
  Attendance at Religious Activities 4.4 ± 1.4 4.1 ± 1.5 4.8 ± 1.2
  Private Religious Activities 4.0 ± 1.6 3.8 ± 1.6 4.2 ± 1.5
  Intrinsic Religiosity 13.1 ± 2.5 13.1 ± 2.4 13.2 ± 2.6
Biological Vulnerability and Mechanisms
 WOMAC Totalb 53.0 ± 17.8 56.0 ± 16.6 49.9 ± 18.5
 WOMAC Pain 11.0 ± 3.9 11.6 ± 3.8 10.4 ± 3.9
 WOMAC Function 37.0 ± 13.2 39.1 ± 12.4 34.9 ± 13.7
 PROMIS Pain Interference Score 63.8 ± 6.9 64.0 ± 6.3 63.5 ± 7.5
 Short Form-12 - Mental 50.7 ± 11.1 49.8 ± 11.6 51.5 ± 10.7
 Short Form-12 - Physical 33.1 ± 9.1 33.1 ± 8.4 33.1 ± 9.7
 Duration of Arthritis Symptoms 13.1 ± 10.0 14.6 ± 10.6 11.5 ± 9.1
 Number of Self-Reported Comorbidities 8.5 ± 3.9 8.2 ± 3.5 8.8 ± 4.3
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 35.2 ± 8.2 33.1 ± 6.5 37.5 ± 9.1
Health Behaviors & Coping Strategies
 CSQ – Total Coping Attempts 93.9 ± 36.6 91.9 ± 39.7 95.8 ± 33.3
  CSQ – Diverting Attention 13.9 ± 8.4 12.9 ± 8.6 14.8 ± 8.2
  CSQ – Ignoring Sensations 14.1 ± 8.7 15.0 ± 9.6 13.2 ± 7.7
  CSQ – Coping Self-Statements 23.6 ± 7.6 23.4 ± 8.2 23.7 ± 6.8
  CSQ – Reinterpreting Pain Sensations 8.9 ± 8.4 9.7 ± 8.8 8.1 ± 8.0
  CSQ – Praying, Hoping 20.8 ± 8.0 19.8 ± 8.0 21.9 ± 7.9
  CSQ – Increasing Behavioral Activities 12.5 ± 7.1 11.0 ± 7.0 14.0 ± 6.9
  CSQ – Catastrophizing 11.4 ± 7.6 11.1 ± 7.3 11.7 ± 7.8
 Pain Catastrophizing Scale 19.8 ± 12.3 20.4 ± 12.4 19.2 ± 12.1
 PHQ-8 6.2 ± 5.3 6.6 ± 5.3 5.7 ± 5.3
 Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale 5.9 ± 2.0 5.6 ± 2.1 6.1 ± 1.8
 Self-Efficacy for Pain Communication 78.7 ± 22.0 77.4 ± 22.9 80.1 ± 21.1
 Brief Fear of Movement Scale 14.8 (3.5) 14.4 (3.9) 15.2 (3.1)
  1. DVAHCS Durham VA Health Care System, UNC University of North Carolina, WOMAC Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, CSQ coping strategies questionnaire, PHQ patient health questionnaire
  2. a Self-report of “just meet basic expenses” or “don’t even have enough to meet basic expenses.”
  3. bLikert scale version of WOMAC