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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Open versus arthroscopic Latarjet procedures for the treatment of shoulder instability: a systematic review of comparative studies

Primary Author, Year Location Study Design Level of Evidence Inclusion Criteria Exclusion Criteria Sample Size – Patients % Male Mean age (years) Follow-up [months] % Lost to Follow-Up MINORs score
Cunningham G,2016 [10] Switzerland Retrospective comparative cohort III Significant bone loss with indication for Latarjet procedure according to established criteria Any patient < 16 years of age or with history of previous bone block procedure Arthroscopic – 28
Open- 36
90.6% 26+/−7.6 (15–45) 6.6+/− 5.9 (1.5–36) 0% 19
Marion B, 2017 [13] France Prospective comparative cohort II Chronic post-traumatic anterior glenohumoral instability, based on instability severity index score > 3 Not specified Arthroscopic – 36
Open – 22
77.6% 26.9+/− 7.7 29.8+/− 4.4 3.4% 18
Kordasiewicz B, 2017 [16] Poland Retrospective comparative cohort III All patients undergoing primary shoulder stabilization between 2006 and 2013 Revision cases Arthroscopic – 62
Open - 48
Not specified 26.9 35.1 8.2% 18
Kordasiewicz B, 2018 [19] Poland Retrospective comparative cohort III All patients undergoing primary shoulder stabilization between 2006 and 2013 Revision cases Arthroscopic – 62
Open - 48
Not specified 26.9 36.8 7.6% 18
Metais P, 2016 [15] France Prospective comparative cohort II Not specified Not specified Arthroscopic – 286
Open – 104
Not specified 27.8 (13.6–66.6) 22.7+/−4.1 63.6% 17
Nourissat G, 2016 [14] France Prospective comparative cohort II Older than 18 years old, experienced at least one shoulder dislocation episode and undergoing anterior bone block surgery Patients with post-operative complications who required revision surgery Arthroscopic – 99
Open – 85
Not specified Not specified 5.5 (1–12) 46.2% 18
Russo A, 2017 [18] Italy Prospective comparative cohort II Shoulder stabilization with either open or arthroscopic latarjet Age > 50 years, rotator cuff tears, multidirectional instability, systemic disorders. Arthroscopic – 25
Open – 21
93.5% Not specified Minimum 1-year follow-up 0% 16
Zhu Y, 2017 [17] China Prospective comparative cohort II 1. Diagnosis of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation
2. Glenoid bone defect greater than 20% on CT
3. Treatment with open Latarjet or arthroscopic Latarjet
4. Agreement to participate in the study
5. Post-op follow up more than 2 years
1. Concomitant musculoskeletal injuries or neurovascular disorders of the ipsilateral shoulder
2. Multi- directional shoulder instability
3. Uncontrolled epilepsy or psychological condition that prevented patients from following post-op rehab
Arthroscopic – 44
Open – 46
75% (68) 30.1 28.8 0% 19