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Table 2 Improvement of anterior instability based on Lachman and pivot shift test

From: Outcomes of simultaneous high tibial osteotomy and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in anterior cruciate ligament deficient knee with osteoarthritis

Grade Lachman test P-value Pivot-shift test P-value
Preoperative Final follow-up Preoperative Final follow-up
0 0 14 < 0.001 0 15 < 0.001
I 3 7   9 5  
II 14 3   11 4  
III 7 0   4 0