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Table 1 Participant Characteristics at Baselinea

From: Level of participation in physical therapy or an internet-based exercise training program: associations with outcomes for patients with knee osteoarthritis

Characteristic All Participants (N = 259) Internet-Based Exercise Training Group (N = 124) Physical Therapy Group (N = 135)
Age, years 64.9 (10.9) 64.3 (11.5) 65.5 (10.4)
Female, N (%) 183 (70.7%) 85 (68.5%) 98 (72.6%)
Non-White Race, N (%) 73 (28.4%) 45 (36.3%) 28 (21.1%)
Married or Living with Partner, N (%) 158 (61%) 83 (66.9%) 75 (55.6%)
Bachelors Degree or Post-Graduate Education, N (%) 152 (58.7%) 68 (54.8%) 84 (62.2%)
Employed, N (%) 106 (40.9%) 47 (37.9%) 59 (43.7%)
Fair or Poor Health, N (%) 34 (13.1%) 21 (16.9%) 13 (9.6%)
Body Mass Index, kg/m2 31.7 (8.3) 31.8 (7.8) 31.7 (8.7)
WOMAC Total 31.5 (17.5) 31.6 (17.9) 31.4 (17.3)
WOMAC Pain Subscale 6.1 (3.7) 6.2 (3.9) 6 (3.4)
WOMAC Function Subscale 22.1 (12.7) 22 (12.9) 22.2 (12.6)
2-Minute Step Test 52.2 (30.4) 51.9 (29.9) 52.5 (30.9)
Social Support for Exercise Scale 51.8 (18.2) 52.1 (19.4) 51.6 (17.2)
Self-Efficacy for Exercise Scale 57.1 (20.1) 57.3 (19.7) 57 (20.5)
  1. Missing Data: Race-2, WOMAC Total − 2, WOMAC Function – 2, PASE-8, PASE household-5, PASE leisure-5, Up and Go −3
  2. WOMAC Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, PASE Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly
  3. aValues are Mean (SD) unless otherwise specified