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Table 1 Comparison of participants’ basic data between the no HV group and the HV group, between the no HV -mild HV group and the moderate-severe HV group, and between the no HV or painless HV group and the painful HV group

From: Does hallux valgus impair physical function?

  No HV group HV group No HV-mild HV group Moderate-severe HV group No HV or painless HV group Painful HV group
  (n = 402) (n = 160) (n = 495) (n = 67) (n = 529) (n = 33)
Age (years) **71.1 ± 8.8 73.3 ± 8.7 71.5 ± 8.9 73.4 ± 8.3 71.6 ± 8.8 74.0 ± 9.1
Sex (% female) **58.2 83.8 **62.2 89.6 *64.1 87.9
Height (cm) **154.6 ± 8.9 151.1 ± 7.8 **154.2 ± 8.7 149.7 ± 7.5 *153.9 ± 8.6 148.9 ± 9.0
Weight (kg) **55.8 ± 10.3 53.5 ± 9.4 *55.5 ± 10.2 52.4 ± 9.5 55.4 ± 10.1 51.9 ± 10.0
BMI (kg/m2) 23.3 ± 3.2 23.4 ± 3.6 23.3 ± 3.3 23.4 ± 3.5 23.3 ± 3.3 23.4 ± 3.7
KOA (%) **33.8 55.0 **37.2 59.7 *40.0 42.4
  1. HV hallux valgus, BMI body mass index, KOA knee osteoarthritis
  2. **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05