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Table 2 Differences in mean daily minutes of sedentary behavior, low activity, moderate-vigorous activity, VAS/pain, EQ-5D-index, ASES/pain and ASES/other symptoms for the intervention group compared to the reference group, from baseline to 3-month follow-up, mean difference, 95% confidence interval (CI)

From: The effect of education and supervised exercise on physical activity, pain, quality of life and self-efficacy - an intervention study with a reference group

  Intervention group (n = 169) Reference group (n = 49)  
Mean change (CI) Mean change (CI) Mean diff (CI) p
Sedentary (mean minutes) -2 (-12 to 8) n = 112 -11 (-30 to 8) n = 28 -9 (-31 to 12) 0.401
Low activity (mean minutes) -8 (-15 to – 2) n = 112 -11 (-24 to 2) n = 28 -3 (-17 to 12) 0.707
Moderate-vigorous activity (mean minutes) 4 (-0.6 to 8) n = 112 0.2 (-8 to 9) n = 28 -4 (-14 to 6) 0.460
VAS/pain (0–100) -9 (-13 to -6) 4 (-2 to 9) 13 (7 to 19) < 0.001*
EQ-5D 0.03 (-0.004 to 0.07) n = 168 -0.14 (-0.19 to -0.08) -0.17 (-0.24 to -0.10) < 0.001*
ASES/other (10–100) 2 (-0.3 to 5) n = 168 -3 (-7 to 1) -5 (-10 to -0.3) 0.04 *
ASES/pain (10–100) 5 (2 to 8) n = 168 -2 (-7 to 3) -7 (-13 to -2) 0.01 *
  1. All measurements are calculated using general linear ANOVA and adjusted for sex, joint (hip/knee), age, education level, Charnley category and baseline values of outcome measures; only potential confounders with significant (p < 0.2) effect were kept in each model. *P<0.05