Skip to main content

Table 3 Mean and standard deviation of PC scores, vertical displacement and peak joint angles

From: Runners with patellofemoral pain demonstrate sub-groups of pelvic acceleration profiles using hierarchical cluster analysis: an exploratory cross-sectional study

  Males (n = 44) Female C1 (n = 26) Female C2 (n = 40)
PC 1 [a.u.] a 2.84 (0.8) 4.6 (1.1) −6.1 (0.9)*
PC 5 [a.u.] a 1.4 (0.6) −4.5 (0.8)* 1.4 (0.7)
Vertical displacement [mm] a 104.7 (2.1) 88.8 (2.7)* 98.9 (2.2)
Ankle eversion [o] b 7.2 (0.6)* 4.1 (0.8) 4.2 (0.7)
Knee flexion [o] b 44.6 (0.9) 43.2 (1.2) 44.2 (0.9)
Knee abduction [o] b 9.3 (0.7) * 11.9 (0.9) 12.4 (0.7)
Knee external rotation [o] a 10.0 (1.4) 11.1 (1.8) 7.6 (1.4)
Hip adduction [o] a 8.2 (0.7)* 10.9 (0.9) 11.6 (0.7)
Hip internal rotation [o] a 12.7 (1.1) # 18.3 (1.4) # 15.8 (1.1)
  1. aOne-way ANOVA; b Kruskal-Wallis test; * significantly different from the other 2 groups; # significant difference between the indicated groups
  2. Bold number indicates a large effect size (d > 0.8)