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Table 4 Total score of the Postural Awareness Scale (PAS) (mean ± standard deviation) in the complete sample and differences between inpatients and outpatients; between different pain diagnoses; and between men and women

From: Postural awareness and its relation to pain: validation of an innovative instrument measuring awareness of body posture in patients with chronic pain

  Total sample (n = 512) Inpatient sample (n = 310) Outpatient sample (n = 202) P Spinal/ shoulder pain (n = 190) Other pain (n = 322) P Men (n = 42) Women (n = 470) P
PAS total 41.2 ± 10.9 41.5 ± 10.5 40.9 ± 11.6 0.54 40.8 ± 11.2 41.5 ± 10.8 0.541 42.5 ± 10.6 41.1 ± 11.0 0.45
Ease/Familiarity with Postural Awareness 22.2 ± 6.8 22.1 ± 6.7 22.3 ± 6.9 0.76 22.0 ± 6.8 22.2 ± 6.8 0.754 22.9 ± 6.5 22.1 ± 6.8 0.46
Need for Attention Regulation with Postural 19.1 ± 6.8 19.4 ± 6.7 18.6 ± 7.0 0.20 19.2 ± 6.9 18.8 ± 6.7 0.505 19.6 ± 6.3 19.0 ± 6.9 0.63
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