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Table 2 Single-leg physical performance at the end of the exercise therapy at 10 months and at 5 years after ACL injury or reconstruction (n = 33–85) a

From: Impact of treatment strategy and physical performance on future knee-related self-efficacy in individuals with ACL injury

  ACL-D
n = 7–18
ACL-R
n = 16–46
ACL-X
n = 10–21
p-value
At the end of the exercise therapy, at mean 10 months (SD 6)
 Single-leg hop LSI, n = 62 101.4 (5.7) 99.8 (10.5) 100.5 (4.0) 0.588
 Vertical hop LSI, n = 33 101.1 (9.4) 91.8 (27.3) 101.1 (9.4) 0.144
 Square hop LSI, n = 61 106.7 (12.2) 103.4 (11.7) 98.9 (16.8) 0.563
 Single-leg rise LSI, n = 61 99.5 (5.9) 97.6 (6.5) 98.1 (5.2) 0.264
 Single-leg balance LSI, n = 61 116.8 (50.0) 130.6 (67.3) 126.3 (74.8) 0.863
 Knee extension, LSI (n = 49) 98.2 (8.3) 97.8 (9.3) 100.1 (5.1) 0.484
 Knee flexion, LSI (n = 33) 93.7 (11.3) 98.4 (8.9) 107.7 (16.7) 0.097
At mean 5 years (SD 1)
 Single-leg hop LSI, n = 85 97.5 (11.5) 95.2 (12.0) 94.8 (12.7) 0.586
Change between 10 months and 5 years
 Single-leg hop LSI, n = 61 −4.2 (13.9) −1.8 (12.6) 6.6 (13.3) 0.556
  1. Values are the mean (SD)
  2. LSI Limb Symmetry Index, ACL-D exercise only, ACL-R exercise plus early reconstruction, ACL-X exercise plus delayed reconstruction
  3. aMissing values due to equipment problems or patients declining to perform a test