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Table 1 Comparison of the force values attained by male and female participants with the manugraphy and Biometrics-system. For each participant the maximum and the mean grip force were calculated regarding both the dominant and the non- dominant hand

From: Parameters influencing hand grip strength measured with the manugraphy system

Measuring device Parameter N men Resultant force (N) SD N women Resultant force (N) SD p
manugraphy maximum force, 150 mm cylinder, dominant hand 76 612.89 156.14 76 348.84 89.09 < 0.001
mean force, 150 mm cylinder, dominant hand 76 558.76 153.24 76 307.81 85.87 < 0.001
maximum force, 150 mm cylinder, non-dominant hand 76 580.53 147.56 76 327.07 82.65 < 0.001
mean force, 150 mm cylinder, non-dominant hand 76 527.29 143.88 76 288.39 81.23 < 0.001
maximum force, 200 mm cylinder, dominant hand 76 490.67 123.11 76 274.04 64.41 < 0.001
mean force, 200 mm cylinder, dominant hand 76 443.21 121.79 76 239.23 63.75 < 0.001
maximum force, 200 mm cylinder, non-dominant hand 76 458.58 109.94 76 252.33 59.69 < 0.001
mean force, 200 mm cylinder, non-dominant hand 76 411.22 109.00 76 219.03 59.62 < 0.001
Biometrics maximum force, handle position 3, dominant hand 76 342.66 85.54 76 226.80 62.29 < 0.001
mean force, handle position 3, dominant hand 76 307.45 89.07 76 196.59 59.55 < 0.001
maximum force, handle position 3, non- dominant hand 76 317.06 81.23 76 213.36 61.99 < 0.001
mean force, handle position 3, non-dominant hand 76 282.72 81.23 76 185.51 59.45 < 0.001
maximum force, handle position 4, dominant hand 76 301.56 79.85 76 197.67 56.02 < 0.001
mean force, handle position 4, dominant hand 76 270.66 81.52 76 172.17 53.17 < 0.001
maximum force, handle position 4, non-dominant hand 76 277.82 73.18 76 180.60 53.86 < 0.001
mean force, handle position 4, non-dominant hand 76 247.31 73.28 76 155.68 50.33 < 0.001