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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Effects of local treatment with and without sensorimotor and balance exercise in individuals with neck pain: protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Inclusion criteria
- Aged ≥18 years
- Insidious neck pain for at least 3 months
- Average neck pain intensity over the past week ≥30 mm (100 mm visual analogue scale)
- Score ≥ 10/100 on the Neck Disability Index-Thai version (NDI-TH) [47]
Exclusion criteria
- Previous history of neck and head trauma or surgery
- Known or suspected vestibular pathology, vertigo or dizziness from ear or brain disorders, sensory nerve pathways (e.g. BPPV), or vascular disorders (e.g. migraine, hypertension)
- Any musculoskeletal or neurological conditions that could affect balance
- Inflammatory joint disease
- Systemic conditions
- Cognitive impairment
- Taking four or more medications
- Received physiotherapy treatment for their neck disorder in the past 12 months