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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the study sample examined by gender

From: Osteoporosis knowledge and beliefs in diabetic patients: a cross sectional study from Palestine

Variable Total Male Female P*
Age (M ± SD) 58.5 ± 9.3 (n = 300) 61 ± 9.6 (n = 108) 57.1 ± 8.9 (n = 192) <  0.01
Residency
 Urban 71.7% (n = 215) 63% (n = 68) 76.6% (n = 147) 0.022
 Rural 28.3% (n = 82) 37% (n = 40) 23.4% (n = 45)
Employed
 Yes 27.7% (n = 83) 62% (n = 67) 8.3% (n = 16) < 0.01
 No 72.3% (n = 217) 38% (n = 41) 91.7% (n = 176)
Currently married
 Yes 83.7% (n = 251) 95.4% (n = 103) 77.1% (n = 148) < 0.01
 No 16.3% (n = 49) 4.6% (n = 5) 22.9% (n = 44)
Education
 ≥ college (21.3%) (n = 64) 31.5% (n = 34) 15.6% (n = 30) < 0.01
 < college (78.7%) (n = 236) 68.5% (n = 74) 84.4% (n = 162)
Duration of DM (year) 11.3 ± 8.0 (n = 300) 12.6 ± 8.6 (n = 108) 10.6 ± 7.6 (n = 192) 0.036
Using insulin
 Yes 58% (n = 174) 67.6% (n = 73) 52.6% (n = 101) 0.012
 No 42% (n = 126) 32.4% (n = 35) 47.4% (n = 91)
Hypertension
 Yes 66.0% (n = 19) 55.6% (n = 60) 71.9% (n = 138) < 0.01
 No 34.0% (n = 102) 44.4% (n = 48) 28.1% (n = 54)
Retinopathy
 Yes 30.3% (n = 91) 34.3% (n = 37) 28.1% (n = 54) 0.267
 No 69.7% (n = 209) 65.7% (n = 71) 71.9% (n = 138)
Other co-morbidities
 Yes 76.3% (n = 229) 71.3% (n = 77) 79.2% (n = 152) 0.124
 No 23.7% (n = 71) 28.7% (n = 31) 20.8% (n = 40)
  1. *Significant p values are in bold
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