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Table 1 Patient epidemiological data, medical disorders and treatments

From: Perioperative complications after surgical treatment in degenerative adult de novo scoliosis

   1 2 3 4 5 6 7
   Total Early complications
(< 30 d)
Late complications
(> 30 d)
No complications p-value (3–2) p-value (4–2) p-value (4–3)
   n = 92 % n = 23 % n = 49 % n = 20 %    
  Age (years) 67.2 ± 7.9 69.1 ± 8.3 67.2 ± 7.4 65.3 ± 8.5 0.34 0.14 0.35
  BMI (kg/m^2) 26.6 ± 3.4 27.0 ± 3.2 26.8 ± 3.2 25.9 ± 4.1 0.90 0.38 0.33
Gender Male 28 30.4 7 30.4 13 26.5 8 40.0 0.73 0.52 0.28
Female 64 69.6 16 69.5 36 73.5 12 60.0 0.73 0.52 0.28
ASA class 1 1 1.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 5.0 0.29 0.12
2 62 67.3 13 56.5 35 71.4 14 70.0 0.22 0.37 0.91
3 29 31.5 10 43.4 14 28.5 5 25.0 0.22 0.21 0.77
4 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
  Obesity 20 21.7 4 17.3 11 22.4 5 25.0 0.63 0.55 0.82
  Smoker 26 31.7 6 30.0 12 28.5 8 40.0 0.91 0.52 0.38
  Type 1 Diabetes 8 8.9 4 8.6 4 8.6 0 0.0 0.29 0.05 0.18
  Type 2 Diabetes 11 11.5 5 12.7 6 12.7 0 0.0 0.26 < 0.05 0.10
  COPD 15 16.4 6 26.0 7 14.5 2 10.0 0.25 0.18 0.62
  Osteoporosis 23 25.0 6 26.0 14 28.5 3 15.0 0.83 0.38 0.24
  Neurological Disease 4 4.3 0 0.0 4 8.1 0 0.0 0.16 0.19
  Hypertension 34 36.9 11 47.8 16 32.6 7 35.0 0.22 0.41 0.85
  PM 5 5.4 3 13.0 2 4.0 0 0.0 0.17 0.10 0.37
  CA 19 22.6 9 40.9 9 21.4 1 5.0 0.10 < 0.05 0.10
  RA 7 7.6 2 8.6 4 8.1 1 5.0 0.94 0.64 0.65
  Cortisone 6 6.5 2 4.0 2 4.0 2 10.0 0.43 0.89 0.35
  ASS 7 7.6 1 10.2 5 10.2 1 5.0 0.41 0.92 0.49
  Coumarin derivative 8 8.6 4 17.3 2 4.0 2 10.0 0.06 0.50 0.35
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, ASA class American Society of Anesthesiologists, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, PM pacemaker, CA cardiac arrhythmias, RA rheumatoid arthritis, ASS acetylsalicylic acid, coumarin derivative – phenprocoumon. Statistical analyses regarding p-values were performed between the three columns/groups, i.e. early complications (2), late complications (3) and no complications (4); see superscripted numbers (significance at p < 0.05 or at p < 0.01)