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Table 4 Outcomes of patients with and without deltoid ligament repair according to different AO classification

From: Surgical treatment of ankle fracture with or without deltoid ligament repair: a comparative study

  DL repaired (n = 20) DL unrepaired (n = 54)
Type-B (n = 12) Type-C (n = 8) Type-B (n = 37) Type-C (n = 17)
MCS (mm) 9.7 ± 1.6 9.4 ± 1.8 8.4 ± 2.6 8.4 ± 2.5
Post-operative MCS (mm) 3.3 ± 0.3 3.3 ± 0.3 3.6 ± 1.0 4.1 ± 1.1
Follow-up MCS (mm) 3.2 ± 0.3 3.2 ± 0.4 3.5 ± 1.0 4.1 ± 1.2
Malreduction (%) 0 (0) 0 (0)# 4 (10.8)* 7 (41.2)*#
Failure (%) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (2.7) 3 (17.6)
AOFAS 86.8 ± 4.8 89.8 ± 7.4 86.3 ± 7.5 84.9 ± 11.1
VAS 1.3 ± 0.6 1.0 ± 1.1 1.4 ± 1.3 2.1 ± 2.2
  1. MCS Medial clear space, AOFAS American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle and hindfoot score, VAS Visual analogue scale
  2. * P<0.05. # P<0.05