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Table 2 Characters of malreducted and failure patients

From: Surgical treatment of ankle fracture with or without deltoid ligament repair: a comparative study

Cases Gender Age (y) Causes of injury Classification Fibular fixation PM fixation SS fixation DL repair FU (m) AOFAS VAS Reversion time (m) Reversion procedures
AO LH
1 Male 25 Sprain Type-C PER-3 Yes No No No 56 85 3   
2 Male 42 Sprain Type-C PER-3 No No Yes No 36 88 2   
3 Male 22 Fall Type-B SER-4 Yes No Yes No 96 88 2   
4 Male 39 Sprain Type-B SER-4 Yes No No No 58 91 1   
5 Male 28 Sport Type-C PER-4 Yes Yes No No 86 95 0   
6 Male 18 Sport Type-B SER-4 Yes No No No 59 53a 7a 11 Fibular lengthen, medial debridement and repair
7 Male 47 Traffic Type-C PA-3 Yes No Yes No 67 63a 6a 7 Fibular lengthen, SS fixation, medial debridement and repair
8 Male 52 Traffic Type-B SER-4 Yes Yes No No 94 88 1   
9 Male 27 Sport Type-C PER-3 Yes No Yes No 76 64a 6a 16 Fibular lengthen, SS fixation, medial debridement and repair
10 Male 21 Fall Type-C PER-4 Yes No Yes No 47 91 1   
11 Female 49 Fall Type-C PA-3 Yes No No No 41 63a 6a 4 SS fixation, medial debridement and repair
  1. aThe functional score before reversion surgery
  2. y Year, m Months, AO AO classification, LH Lauge-Hansen classification, PM Posterior malleolus, SS Syndesmosis screw, DL Deltoid ligament, FU Follow-up time, PER Pronation-external rotation, SER Supination-external rotation, PA Pronation-adduction, AOFAS American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle and hindfoot score, VAS Visual analogue scale