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Table 4 Mean pain score from the selected painful sites, stratified by gender, age, BMI and deprivation

From: Multisite peripheral joint pain: a cross-sectional study of prevalence and impact on general health, quality of life, pain intensity and consultation behaviour

  Mean
pain (SD) one site
Mean
pain (SD) two sites
Mean
pain (SD) three sites
Mean
pain (SD) four sites
Overall difference between groups Linear trend test
Gender
 Females 3.44 (2.32) 3.91 (2.11) 4.36 (2.12) 5.29 (2.19) F = 191.9a p = <0.001 F = 572.2b
p = <0.001
 Males 3.54 (2.30) 3.96 (2.06) 4.45 (2.01) 5.07 (2.15) F = 97.3a p = <0.001 F = 278.0b
p = <0.001
Age group (years)
 45-54 3.60 (2.25) 3.88 (2.00) 4.28 (2.08) 4.82 (2.17) F = 30.7a p = <0.001 F = 88.3b
p = <0.001
 55-64 3.38 (2.23) 3.76 (1.98) 4.21 (1.98) 4.94 (2.19) F = 76.5a p = <0.001 F = 229.1b
p = <0.001
 65-74 3.36 (2.30) 4.01 (2.15) 4.35 (2.02) 5.20 (2.12) F = 93.3a p = <0.001 F = 275.2b
p = <0.001
 75+ 3.71 (2.31) 4.20 (2.24) 4.84 (2.23) 5.82 (2.11) F = 82.7a p = <0.001 F = 246.3b
p = <0.001
BMI
 Under weight 3.38 (2.30) 4.06 (2.09) 3.88 (2.11) 5.64 (2.19) F = 4.0a p = 0.010 F = 10.2b
P = 0.002
 Healthy weight 3.20 (2.26) 3.70 (2.03) 3.91 (2.01) 4.90 (2.18) F = 84.9a p = <0.001 F = 244.6b
p = <0.001
 Overweight 3.53 (2.26) 3.82 (2.09) 4.39 (2.01) 5.09 (2.15) F = 96.5a p = <0.001 F = 286.3b
p = <0.001
 Obese 4.03 (2.41) 4.37 (2.05) 4.91 (2.07) 5.54 (2.13) F = 69.0a p = <0.001 F = 204.3b
p = <0.001
IMD
 Least Deprived 3.34 (2.16) 3.65 (1.98) 3.98 (1.91) 4.53 (1.83) F = 32.1a p = <0.001 F = 94.4b
p = <0.001
 Mid Deprived 3.38 (2.29) 3.87 (2.04) 4.30 (2.03) 5.11 (2.18) F = 171.5a
p = <0.001
F = 511.4b
p = <0.001
 Most Deprived 4.08 (2.47) 4.48 (2.26) 5.04 (2.21) 5.91 (2.20) F = 65.5a p = <0.001 F = 193.8b
p = <0.001
  1. a= One-way ANOVA used for interval/ratio data with four degrees of freedom. b = One-way ANOVA with linear contrast with one degree of freedom. BMI categories = underweight = <18.5; Healthy weight = 18.5-24.9; Overweight = 25-29.9; Obese = 30+