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Table 2 Qualitative analysis of ligaments between subtalar instability patients and controls

From: Subtalar instability: imaging features of subtalar ligaments on 3D isotropic ankle MRI

MRI findings Patient (n = 23) Control (n = 23) p-value
Absence or complete tear of ACL 8 (34.8%) 2 (8.7%) 0.035
Absence of ITCL 0 0  
Complete tear of CFL 4 (17.4%) 1 (4.3%) 0.173
Complete tear of ATFL 4 (17.4%) 2 (8.7%) 0.333
Irregularity or thinning of CL 2 (8.7%) 0 0.244
Partial absence of IER 2 (8.7%) 0 0.244
  1. Note. P values were determined using the Fisher’s exact test. Data are presented as number (percent) of patients
  2. ACL anterior capsular ligament, ITCL interosseous talocalcaneal ligament, CFL calcaneofibular ligament, ATFL anterior talofibular ligament, CL cervical ligament, IER inferior extensor retinaculum