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Table 2 Interventions, quality assessment, BCTs - studies grouped post intervention using aggregated outcome measures

From: The effectiveness of interventions aimed at increasing physical activity in adults with persistent musculoskeletal pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author,
Year
Hiyama, 2012; Hughes, 2006; Alaranta, 1994; Focht, 2014; Pisters, 2010; Farr, 2010; Allen, 2016; Meng, 2011; Becker, 2008; Sullivan, 1998; Williams, 2011; Brosseau, 2012; Trudeau, 2015; Hunter, 2012; Bossen, 2013; Schlenk, 2011; McDonough, 2013; Krien, 2013; Hurley, 2015; Talbot,
2003;
 Effect Size
SMD 95% CI
1.96 [1.19, 2.73] 0.87 [0.58, 1.15] 0.77 [0.53, 1.01] 0.56 [0.07, 1.06] 0.51 [0.21, 0.80] 0.29 [−0.03, 0.61] 0.28 [0.04, 0.53] 0.25 [0.02, 0.48] 0.17 [−0.07, 0.41] 0.12 [−0.50, 0.74] 0.11 [−0.31, 0.53] 0.10 [−0.27, 0.48] 0.07 [−0.35, 0.49] 0.06 [−0.60, 0.72] 0.02 [−0.50, 0.54] −0.00 [−0.77, 0.77] −0.00 [−0.74, 0.73] −0.03 [−0.35, 0.30] −0.29 [−0.59, 0.01] −0.32 [−1.0, 0.35]
 ROB assessment Lower Higher Higher Lower Lower Higher Lower Lower Higher Higher Lower Lower Lower Lower Lower Lower Lower Lower Lower Higher
Mode of delivery
 Automated Web-based              x   x    x   
 Inpatient Programme    x      x             
 Centre-based x x   x x x     x     x   x    x  
 Home-based   + + x x             x   x x
 Community-based             x         
 Other        x   x   x          
Session structure
 Individual ? + +   x x x x x +   x     x x   x (WP) x
 Group based   x x x   x   x   x   x   x      x (EC) x
Type of PA
 Multicomponent Exercise Programme   x x x   x   x       x   x    x (EC)  
 Walking x x   x       x   x     x x x x (WP) x
 User Selected      x   x   x   x     x      
 Other/Unclear        x   x   x   x        
Provider
 Physiotherapist x x    x      x     x   x x + x  
 Nurse          x        x     x
 Doctor          x            
 Fitness Professional     x   x       x         
 Multidisciplinary    x      x             
 Other       ? SM ?     x   x   x    x   
 Estimated Intervention Contact Time (hrs) 3 36 111 36 11.5 134 6 50 1.5 24 0.5 200.5 4.3 8 1.166 7.5 3.5 8.6 8 12.15
 No. of BCT’s coded 3 12 3 16 9 5 16 1 0 6 2 14 5 7 12 10 11 8 15 5
  1. + to a lesser extent, ? unclear from study description, / not explicit, SM self-management, WP walking programme, EC exercise class., SMD standardised mean difference, CI confidence intervals, ROB risk of bias (meeting at least 50% of domains assessed, excluding blinding participants and providers)