Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the study patients

From: Can hybrid hyaluronic acid represent a valid approach to treat rizoarthrosis? A retrospective comparative study

  Sinovial H-L Group Triamcinolone Group p value
(N = 55) (N = 45)
Age (years) 68.6 ± 9.4 65.5 ± 9.9 0.127
Sex, no. male/female 20/35 12/33 0.261
% with dominant right hand 100 100 1.000
BMI (kg/m2) 24.4 ± 4.0 24.4 ± 3.8 0.761
Disease duration (months) 88.65 ± 68.21 92.7 ± 62.7 0.179
Radiographic Score (K-L grade) no. (%)
 II 30 (54) 25 (56) 0.963
 III 25 (46) 20 (44) 0.851
Marital status, no. (%)
 Unmarried 4 (7.2) 4 (8.8)  
 Married 42 (76.5) 36 (80.0)  
 Widow 5 (9.1) 2 (4.4)  
 Divorced 4 (7.2) 3 (6.8) 0.628
Education, no. (%)
 None 2 (3.6) 3 (6.6)  
 Primary 12 (21.8) 6 (13.3)  
 Middle 15 (27.27) 8 (17.7)  
 High 19 (34.54) 25 (55.8)  
 University 7 (12.79) 3 (6.6) 0.383
No. (%) of smokers 1 (1.81) 6 (13.3) 0.035
No. (%) of patients with diabetes 1 (1.81) 8 (17.7) 0.009
No. (%) of patients with cardiovascular disease 3 (5.4) 4 (8.8) 0.598
No. (%) of patients with hypertension 22 (40.0) 20 (44.4) 1.000
No. (%) of patients with tyroid disease 8 (14.5) 10 (22.2) 0.447
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) 220.2 ± 36.3 208.8 ± 39.1 0.006
LDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) 143.2 ± 30.5 134.2 ± 28.1 0.004
HDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) 63.5 ± 17.2 64.3 ± 18.0 0.781
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 139.7 ± 47.6 137.7 ± 50.1 0.410
ESR (mm/h) 16.2 ± 11.6 18.3 ± 12.2 0.081
CRP (mg/dL) 0.19 ± 0.29 0.3 ± 0.33 0.094
Glycemia (mg/dL) 94.7 ± 14.1 96.9 ± 17.9 0.371
VAS Pain (mm) (0–100) 58.5 ± 16.2 61.8 ± 17.6 0.320
VAS Stiffness (min) 9.7 ± 11.8 8.9 ± 4.1 0.185
FIHOA (0–30) 12.2 ± 4.3 12.9 ± 4.2 0.485
SF-36 PCS 35.9 ± 9.5 38.3 ± 8.7 0.191
SF-36 MCS 50.4 ± 7.7 41.4 ± 9.5 0.001
HAQ (0–3) 0.82 ± 0.44 0.88 ± 0.47 0.704
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± SD
  2. BMI Body mass index (body weight divided by the square of the height), K-L grade Kellgren Lawrence grade, HDL-C High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, ESR Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, CRP Serum C-reactive protein, VAS Visual Analogue Scale, FIHOA Functional Index for Hand Osteoarthritis, SF-36 PCS Physical Components Summary, SF-36 MCS Mental Component Summary, HAQ Health Assessment Questionnaire
  3. p value expressing a significant difference between groups are in bold style