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Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios comparing the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in Bolivian school teachers from urban and rural areas (N = 517)

From: Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers from urban and rural areas in Chuquisaca, Bolivia: a cross-sectional study

N missing = 23 12-months prevalence 7-days prevalence 12-months work limiting pain prevalence
  Crude ORa (95% CI) Adjusted ORa,b (95% CI) Crude ORa (95% CI) Adjusted ORa,b (95% CI) Crude ORa (95% CI) Adjusted ORa,b (95% CI)
Neck/Upper extremities
 Neck 0.93 (0.7–1.3) 0.65 (0.4–1.0) 1.22 (0.8–1.8) 0.84 (0.5–1.3) 3.28 (1.3–8.1) 2.59 (0.9–7.5)
 Shoulders 1.29 (0.9–1.9) 1.23 (0.8–1.9) 1.67 (1.0–2.7) 1.81 (1.0–3.2) 3.85 (1.1–13.5) 3.59 (0.9–14.8)
 Wrist/Hands 1.50 (1.0–2.3) 1.36 (0.8–2.2) 1.58 (0.9–2.7) 1.29 (0.7–2.4) 1.88 (0.6–6.1) 1.83 (0.4–7.5)
 Any MSDin upper extremities 1.14 (0.8–1.6) 0.87 (0.6–1.4) 1.38 (1.0–2.0) 1.15 (0.7–1.8) 3.40 (1.5–7.5) 2.51 (1.0–6.3)
Back
 Upper back 1.45 (1.0–2.1) 1.15 (0.7–1.8) 1.36 (0.9–2.1) 1.02 (0.6–1.7) 1.90 (0.8–4.4) 2.26 (0.8–6.1)
 Low back 0.99 (0.7–1.4) 0.77 (0.5–1.2) 1.26 (0.8–1.9) 0.77 (0.5–1.3) 2.20 (0.9–5.3) 1.63 (0.6–4.6)
 Any back disorder 1.21 (0.8–1.7) 1.08 (0.7–1.6) 1.18 (0.8–1.8) 0.87 (0.5–1.4) 2.08 (1.0–4.4) 2.06 (0.9–4.9)
Lower extremities
 Hips/Thighs (One or both) 1.21 (0.8–1.8) 0.96 (0.6–1.5) 1.11 (0.7–1.7) 0.84 (0.5–1.4) 2.87 (0.9–8.8) 2.64 (0.8–9.2)
 Knees (One or both) 0.89 (0.6–1.3) 1.07 (0.7–1.6) 1.19 (0.8–1.8) 1.21 (0.7–2.0) 1.60 (0.7–3.8) 2.04 (0.8–5.3)
 Ankles/Feet (One or both) 1.84 (1.2–2.7) 2.25 (1.4–3.6) 1.40 (0.9–2.2) 1.60 (0.9–2.7) 2.13 (0.8–6.0) 4.35 (1.4–13.7)
 Any MSD in lower extremities 1.18 (0.8–1.7) 1.27 (0.8–1.9) 1.09 (0.8–1.6) 0.95 (0.6–1.5) 2.25 (1.1–4.7) 2.17 (0.9–5.0)
Summary measures: Any part of the body
 Any MSD 1.14 (0.7–1.9) 1.14 (0.6–2.1) 1.21 (0.8–1.7) 0.96 (0.6–1.5) 2.57 (1.5–4.5) 2.16 (1.1–4.1)
 MSD in ≥ 3 body places 1.25(0.8–1.8) 1.00 (0.7–1.5) 1.30 (0.9–1.9) 0.95 (0.6–1.5) 2.44 (1.0–6.2) 3.69 (1.3–10.6)
  1. aReference category: Urban area (OR = 1)
  2. bAdjusted by age, sex, teaching level and school type