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Table 4 Clinical risk factors for fractures used in the SALT Osteoporosis Study

From: Design of the SALT Osteoporosis Study: a randomised pragmatic trial, to study a primary care screening and treatment program for the prevention of fractures in women aged 65 years or older

Risk factorsa
Previous fracture >50 years of age
Parent with hip fracture
Low body weight (BMI <19 kg/m2)
Rheumatoid arthritis
Early menopause (<45 years of age)
Malabsorption syndrome
Chronic liver disease
Type I diabetes mellitus
Immobility (severe walking difficulties and/or use of walking aid)
  1. BMI body mass index, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, FRAX fracture risk assessment tool
  2. aRisk factors were derived from the FRAX. We excluded the following risk factors from the FRAX: long term untreated hyperthyroidism, alcohol use and smoking. Women with ≥1 clinical risk factors were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group