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Table 3 One-year-postoperative outcomes of patients undergoing XLIF with PPS or open PILF

From: Comparison of serum markers for muscle damage, surgical blood loss, postoperative recovery, and surgical site pain after extreme lateral interbody fusion with percutaneous pedicle screws or traditional open posterior lumbar interbody fusion

  Intraoperative Technique P
XLIF/PPS (n = 46) PLIF (n = 56)
Length of follow-up (years) 2.2 ± 1.2 4.3 ± 2.2  
VAS score (lumbar) 1.5 ± 2.6 3.7 ± 3.1 <0.005
RDQ score 8.2 ± 5.4 8.6 ± 5.9 0.95
ODI score 9.2 ± 7.4 13.5 ± 6.4 <0.05
L-JOA score 25.3 ± 3.9 24.1 ± 2.4 0.29
Fusion grade 1.5±0.51 1.5±0.5 0.84
  1. XLIF = extreme lateral interbody fusion, PPS = percutaneous pedicle screws, PLIF = posterior lumbar interbody fusion, n = number in group, VSA = visual analog scale, RDQ = Roland–Morris Disability Questionnaire, ODI = Oswestry Disability Index, L-JOA = Lumbar--Japanese Orthopaedic Association, *Mean ± standard deviation (SD)
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