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Table 6 Studies assessing gait outcomes

From: Objective impairments of gait and balance in adults living with HIV-1 infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

   Bauer 2005 [7] Simmonds 2005 [49] Scott 2007 [35] Richert 2011 [8] Bauer 2011 [22] Erlandson 2012a [10] Erlandson 2012b [18] Beans 2013 [43] Mbada 2013 [44] Richert 2014 [9] Erlandson 2014 [12] Total studies assessing outcome
Gait outcomes Gait speed (m/s), preferred and/or fast      X X X    X X 5a
Timed gait (sec) X X       X     3b
Cadence (time in sec for 5 steps), fast and preferred X     X        2
Gait initiation time (sec), fast and preferred      X        1
6MWD   X X X     X X X   6c
  1. Abbreviations: 6MWD 6-min walk distance, m meter, sec second
  2. aMeta-analysis not possible as Bauer 2005 did not report mean results for gait speed and Richert 2014 included no comparison group or norm values
  3. bMeta-analysis not possible as Bauer 2005 did not report mean for gait speed and Erlandson 2012a, 2012b & 2014 included no comparison groups or norm values
  4. cOnly 2 out of 6 studies included in meta-analysis, as Beans 2013 included men only, Scott 2007 & Richert 2011 & 2014 included no comparison groups or norm values (note heterogeneity between samples of the 2 studies included meta-analysis)
  5. dMeta-analysis not possible, as Bauer 2005 did not report mean results for cadence or gait initiation time